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WHAT IS PENCAK-SILAT?
“Pencak-Silat” is generally known as the name of a martial art that originated in Indonesia but in the Netherlands and in other countries is practiced by various groups.
Unfortunately, the only truth in this statement, that the “Pencak-Silat” indeed developed in the area that now (since 1945) called Indonesia. But that one “Pencak-Silat” calls a sport, is downright WRONG!
What is “PENCAK-SILAT?
Pencak-Silat is a combat doctrine developed in the 2nd century of the Indian Archipelago (now Indonesia) by India Hindu-Buddhist priests of the Vishnuh-Society and is part of an extensive scientific doctrine, in which the skills to surviving set put.
In addition to physical combat, techniques are the spiritual aspects and theoretical subjects such as adatleer, yoga, kinematics, dynamics, strategy doctrine, history and other subjects of great interest (depending on the development and interest of the practitioner.)
This man is aware of the ethical principles, philosophy of life and one obtains unity between mind and body.
… The practice of “Pencak-Silat” is a way of life in order to sharpen the senses to control physical combat skills to increase knowledge and as a source of self-confidence!
Interested parties should be realized that “Pencak-Silat” is not a combat sport, but a realistic defense doctrine based on life-threatening situations, with all kinds of weapons, should be applied if necessary.
… The name “Pencak-Silat” comes from the dead language Sanskrit: “Pen” indicates physical combat action, “Cak” = too and “Silat” is same as “Chi” or “Ki”, which is the real power in the man defines and what means breathing techniques can be (similar to the Chinese “TaiChi”) trained.
“Pen” and “Cak” describes the physical joint combat operations and “Silat” describes the spiritual teaching and application of combat operations in a real fight.
“Pencak-Silat” was developed on the basis of many natural sciences of the Vishnuh-Society and fighting techniques of animals to which the styles are named.
… “Pencak-Silat” is a pure martial art, developed centuries ago as a technique in battles against predators and hostile tribes and comprises in total 10 distinct styles of combat techniques borrowed from animals and adapted to the human structure; like the style of the Monkey (Cingkrik), Tiger (Harimau), Eagle (Garuda) Spider (Laba Laba) ….. and other styles.
… Initially, the “Pencak-Silat” combat techniques used by the Vishnuh-Society applied out of necessity to be able to defend themselves against wild animals, but later also against enemy tribes at that time led a nomadic life in the Indonesian archipelago.
In order to master the knowledge of the “Pencak-Silat teaching” justified the theoretical subjects indispensable because one must know when life really is in danger and when a situation is still manageable (= the spiritual aspect) very well.
… The “Pencak-Silat,” is a realistic combat doctrine, adapted to real situations when life is in danger and is forced to defend themselves. In contrast to the martial arts Pencak-Silat students not fought against each other in training, but only practiced, in order to prevent unnecessary injuries and no matches.
This is because of the ideology and philosophy of Vishnuh-Society and the fact that this doctrine is expressly designed to survive.
THE BATTLE TECHNIQUES
“Pencak-Silat” is a martial art where the emphasis is more on the mental than physical. Most styles are directly derived from the movements that allow the animal to which the style is called during a fight.
Every action has a scientific background and explanation because everything has a reason.
There is no visible difference between the “Cara Harimau jaler (= the position of the male Tiger)” and “Cara Kucing (= the state of the cat),” but the difference lies in the animal: the wildcat retreats into a startle response, and then looks around for the cause of the shock, while the tiger, if it is startled, performing an attack move first, and only then in the defensive looks at the reason for his fear .
The “Pencak-Silat” has no physical warm-up “, but the muscles are warmed from the inside through a breathing exercise derived from yoga teachings of the Vishnuh-Society.
In this way, one learns to answer immediately to any kind of threat and to be ready in every situation at any time of the day. Eventually, this warm-up runs automatically at a crucial moment.
The Pencak-Silat doctrine also gives the practitioner the knowledge to make life safe and sound to come through, and he did not let affect his life by hatred and envy.
One will grow spiritually so that issues are avoided, as well as uncertainty, fear, stress, and overwork.
It does not matter how old someone is practicing Pencak-Silat, respiratory or kinematics of the Vishnuh-Society needs no special gift.
The aim is to achieve maximize body control and body relaxation. The movements are relaxing and improve including breathing and circulation.
As a result, they remain capable of increasing the years. Man does well to confront body exercises that promote natural, smooth mobility into old age.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN martial arts (Learning) AND COMBAT SPORT.
The difference between a martial art and combat sport with the corresponding interpretation of style; a martial arts/combat doctrine was developed out of the need to survive, and a practitioner of martial arts teaches more than just physical actions, but there is also placed at the focus present ethical principles, fully aware of the background, purpose, spiritual values and philosophy of life and respect it.
Here the aim is that the mind controls the body and not the other. This can be achieved by following the rules of nature, in which the man points the way to the principles of life, and to maintain this.
A combat sport …just the contrary, puts emphasis on physical development and testing them through games, divided into weight classes, with no attention is given to the spiritual and philosophical values, but only on the physical performance …..
The “difference” is that the combat doctrine (art) emphasizes survival, dealing with their own safety, by defending itself against any attacker regardless of size and weight.
… The aim is to survive, and the effectiveness of the Pencak techniques can quickly, quietly and safely be used in realistic situations. The weight factor of the opponent is irrelevant since it is not impossible that one enters into a discussion with the agitator on the weight difference or anything because it does not matter for the attacker.
It is a matter between individuals, regardless of the physical condition of these.
Thus says the doctrine of “Vishnuh”:
“If the tree (s) or enemy is big, start first cut on the underside, large trees can be cut down.”
The history of the Vishnuh-Society and the emergence of Pencak-Silat;
PAST AND PRESENT
About 9000 years ago lived Vishnuh a man of flesh and blood. He had more than enough of the injustice of the caste system that was usual in India and fled the kingdom where he was a national of.
He swore off his past and decided to start again, he chose the name “Vishnuh”, in ’t Sanskrit-yourself, single, individual, self-meaning.
Those who joined him, considered him as the chief of their clan, so the Vishnuh-Society occurs in Sri Lanka.
Because every nation must know to survive in nature the Vishnuh-Society developed some survival teach for his people as country processing, defense techniques and general precepts (values.)
Later several Indian royal families joined this society, and out of respect for the father they called developed by themselves and protected textbooks either “Kropaks”, “the learning of Vishnuh.”
… The priests (spiritual representatives) of the society ruled writing (ravidi, Sanskrit, prakriet) and were thus the historians of the Indian kingdoms and later in history in New India (present Indonesia.)
They were also responsible for the training of members of the royal family and the military leaders.
Unfortunately, it appeared that a number of kingdoms abused their knowledge to subdue kingdoms and tribes to their power because this goes against the “adat” or principles of the Vishnuh-Society and also by the then prevailing Indian famine decided the Society search a new haven.
They were in their long and dangerous journey accompanied by a large proportion of the Indian population, including the K’satriya’s (= the noble Indian warrior caste.)
The sea voyage had cost countless lives, thus named the exiled people the island where they were stranded “Bali”, which is Sanskrit for “hell” because people could only mourn the great sacrifice that they had to bring their newly acquired freedom.
In the jungles of the archipelago, the Indians were eagerly welcomed by hungry predators and hostile (cannibals) tribes who lived a nomadic life there.
Thus, the need arose to develop an effective defense and combat doctrine. To this end, the priests of the Vishnuh-Society studied the movements of wild animals in the forest, applied the techniques of the animals to humans and developed as the combat techniques the name Pencak-Silat.
The Indians were accepted by the other (non-hostile) indigenous people because they settled in areas that were outside the territories of the tribes, however, there was land in abundance.
The people decided to break all ties with their former country and wanted to realize its ideals in this archipelago, which they named New India.
Because in ancient India for centuries women were subordinated, they got over the newly formed kingdoms in New India, the lead. The priests of the Vishnuh-Society founded their first monastery on the “Gunung Penulisan”, the “mountain of the writers.
Again they were the kingdoms of service as chroniclers and they were responsible for the training of the kings and their generals of the Hindu-Buddhist era such as Mulavarna, Sinduk, Kartanegara, and others, which involve known and powerful kingdoms have founded such as: “Pajajaran the Majapahit, the Kediri, the Cailendra kingdom and many others who could come flourished with the help of the priests.
… More than four centuries flourished the New Indian empire, the people lived under the rule-of awesome women in peace, prosperity, and welfare.
But around the sixth century, there were men in power. They deprived the equal status of women and sowed discord between the different Hindu-Javanese kingdoms.
The learning of Vishnuh was again abused by evil powers.
Therefore Vishnuh-Society in the year 1333 decided that the Pencak-Silat only still could be taught within the society and only to the priests of the Ida-Bagus dynasty, who are heirs of the whole doctrine.
All the textbooks were confiscated and remained ever since in the possession of the Society, who retired in the impenetrable jungle.
The only exception was made for “Pendekars ” men of at least thirty years, who received a five-year program, so that they could protect the unsuspecting population against evil rulers and other predators.
The word is derived from the Sanskrit “Pendekar.”
“Pendek” = 1.short 2.small, and ar ‘= derived from Aryani = knowledge “Pendek” – “ar” actually means “short acquaintance.” “Pendekars” learned only fragments of the Pencak-Silat Learning and knowledge, could not pass it on to others, except in cases where the Adat, prepared by the Society, provided. In addition, they may not call what they have learned “Pencak-Silat”, because they had learned only a fraction of the whole doctrine.
… Through their knowledge of herbal medicine, they could also act as a physician. Unfortunately, over the centuries possible descendants of these earlier Pendekars violated the Adat rule, with the result that the name “Pencak-Silat,” is used for self-developed sports systems and techniques from other martial arts.
With great sorrow, the Society had to watch the painfully built empire crumbled in a short time and was looted by greedy religious aliens and how they deceived and exploited the peaceful Javanese people.
It started in the year 1447, with the rise of the Muslim propagators. Trade settlers coming from Arabia, eagerly abuse of the unstable situation in the archipelago. After centuries have led a peaceful existence Javanese people were unfortunately too naive to see through the intrigue that the Muslims caused in cooperation with treacherous indigenous collaborators.
… For know that all the royal families in Indonesia that currently named Ratu, Raja, Susuhunan or Sultan wear in that position were posted by colonialists, and thus are not the heirs of now in their possession principalities. Slowly but surely and using native collaborators was mentioned in a dehumanizing way the indigenous Indian people subject to the Moslem authority.
However, when other overseas powers, such as Portuguese, English and Dutch settlers arrived and manifested their greed and cruelty on the land and people of the archipelago, the most Muslim leaders and associates fled to their homeland Arabia.
Those who remained not just wanted their newly accumulated wealth abandon conspired with the new settlers.
The society had lost hope totally for the archipelago. She decided to leave the island group and crossed the ocean in the hope to build elsewhere a new life.
The society ended up in Africa, but the continent was colonized by Europeans religious conceited.
More than a decade they followed the equator and during their journey, they saw for the first black slaves in chains shackled by their cruel, white, Christian masters.
Arrived on the west coast of Africa, the Society had still not able to find safe haven. Determined she built boats again and adjust the other side of the Atlantic felt the members of the society “at home” in the jungles of South America.
Here they settled, far from the degenerate outside world, in the jungles of the land that now bears the name of Suriname. But unfortunately, they were confronted again with Dutch settlers and their handcuffed black slaves.
By a special system, the Society unleashes many slaves managed to free themselves from the big iron bracket which they were riveted together.
These freed slaves fled into the jungle and their descendants are the Maroons of Suriname.
In 1975, the Vishnuh-Society learned, that in the Netherlands and possibly elsewhere, a martial art was practiced, called “Pencak-Silat.” The indignation was very large, it is forbidden to hold competitions in Pencak-Silat because this battle doctrine developed and intended only to survive.
… Additionally, the Pencak-Silat since 1333 was kept a secret from outsiders, it was impossible that anyone knew anything about Pencak-Silat.
Because the Pencak-Silat is a-wasiyat (= heirloom) of the priests which have been developed in a scientific manner, and could only be passed on to a descendant of the founder of the Society, the “Ida-Bagus dynasty.”
… According to the suwalapatra, It can rightly be said that third parties have appropriated a name what is not theirs, and whose content remotely is not in accordance with the original developed by the Vishnuh-Society fighting doctrine.
Initially, the priests of the Society wanted to send some executioners either “Prajurits” to the Netherlands to teach that “sacrilegious” a lesson.
But a Neerlandicus, Professor M. G. Prague, a resident in the society has sought to ensure not to send the Prajurits to Europe but the youngest priest to capture and revealing the whole doctrine in the Western lawfully.
In 1979 he arrived with the textbooks of the Vishnuh-Society in the Netherlands. Despite many adversities, he has translated the books in Dutch and formally established in 1991 and filed with the probate department of the State Taxes in Leeuwarden at the Benelux Office for Trade Marks in The Hague under number 507 115.
Unfortunately could not be avoided, that there are some teaching materials including techniques, concepts relating to the Pencak-Silat, the Gurubesar since its arrival has revealed in his lessons, are taken over by interested Indo groups and individuals, and gradually have given their own interpretation.
… But the main goal has been achieved, the books are stored. The Gurubesar R.R.Purperhart < > Lancar Ida-Bagus and the members of the Vishnuh-Society in the Netherlands – hope to give a first printing of the ” kropak of Vishnuh ” and acquire to enjoyed a common building.
The Vishnuh-Society is autonomous
1. The Vishnuh-Society has always been independent, therefore it is not affiliated with the Dutch Pencak-Silat Association or the Indonesian Federation or any sports association in the world, because this ancient society needs no acknowledgment or accountability to be accountable to the institutions and bodies which did not exist when the society for centuries had a right to exist.
2. The Vishnuh-Society is the developer of the Pencak-Silat and has never given permission to third parties for use of the original name.
3. The Vishnuh-Society is not comparable to those found only in a relatively short time using the name Pencak Silat-invented for their amusement and sports systems.
4. The Vishnuh-Society is the umbrella organization and the only authority with respect to the learning of the Vishnuh-Society where the Pencak-Silat-doctrine “which protected and preserved in its original pure form has remained a part of them.
Thus says the doctrine of “Vishnuh”:
“We are just creatures of nature and just as invalid as everyone else on this planet inhabited also by man. It is therefore not important from what angle we come, because “we are earthlings” and “earthlings we will continue.”
Pencak-Silat is open for everyone, young and old, women and men indiscriminately.
…. The “message” of the Vishnuh-Society is concrete … “charity is a purely human naturalness that under no circumstances should be used as a means of power, to bind to politics, faith or church to another.
Based on the human one person should have anything over for another.
Let each in its own value.
Call! The Vishnuh-Society gives everyone the opportunity without regard to race, rank, class, ethnicity, political or religious beliefs to be a member of the Vishnuh-Society and become proficient in the “learning of Pencak-Silat”.
… The Vishnuh Society also looking for men and women all over the world for distribution and realization of its objectives as sponsors/donors, followers/ Putuh ’s (instructors, male/ female).
By the Vishnuh-Society